Ink and paper is dead. Long live the e-book. This day has been dreaded by publishers and authors for a decade now. Much like the passing of a cherished relative, denial is inevitable, publishers in particular. But the printed book’s death rattle is obvious for those who are paying attention. It’s only a matter of time. Will printed books disappear completely? No, but the familiar shelves at bookstores and airports will go the way of vinyl records: relegated to collectors and aficionados with breathless whispers of a comeback.
Still not convinced? Consider these recent developments: The share of adults in the United States owning either a tablet or an e-book recently jumped from 18% in December of 2011 to 39% in January of 2012. That’s a doubling of product penetration in one month, fueled by the holiday gift season. The adoption of smartphones is even more pervasive. According to Neilson’s third quarter 2011 Mobile Media Report, over 44 percent of all US mobile phone subscribers now own a smartphone. That’s up from 18 percent, just two years ago. When you look at the prime purchasers, aged 25-34, the number is even larger. Over 62 percent of this age group relies on smartphones for their Web content.
This rapid growth is permanently changing the way that books are distributed, much like the collapse of the traditional music business. Remember the mega-music stores in malls across the country? That was less than a decade ago. They are nowhere to be found today.
Publishers are experiencing a crisis of identity as they struggle to maintain their roles as the gatekeepers of the printed form. The Apple price fixing scandal and its likely repercussions have only increased the angst of the old guard. The uncertainty of the future and the continuing downward pressure on the price of e-books has created a backlash among the big publishers. They are digging in their heels and fortifying their defensive positions.
Aspiring authors are caught in the crossfire. Publishers have focused resources on their established author brands to the exclusion of their mid-list and first-time authors. A few mega-hit authors like James Patterson, Clive Cussler, and J. K. Rawling have become franchises with teams of young, struggling authors helping to turn out multiple books a year, containing little influence of the author, whose name commands the front cover. Even deceased authors like Robert Ludlum have mysteriously returned from the grave to pen more tomes through the restorative magic of imaginative publishing houses.
Ironically, this retreat of support only encourages new authors to abandon traditional channels and move their works directly to the web. Why endure shrinking ad budgets and royalties when it’s far easier and faster to simply publish original works through digital houses like Amazon’s CreateSpace or Lulu? Self publishing isn’t necessarily a panacea—authors must become their own marketing, public relations, and distribution organizations—but with publishers abandoning these roles even for their own authors, what are the alternatives? If we must take on these roles anyway, why not reap the benefit of higher royalties and publishing schedules measured in days vs. months?
Most authors would rather focus on their primary craft—writing—and leave the marketing and distribution to the publishers. So, are publishers really making a smart move here? If they base their entire profit model on aging author franchises, what happens when those franchises die or retire? Who takes their place, if new authors have already left for the web? Are we doomed to read mass produced Ludlum clones forever?
I seriously doubt it. Publishers will either adapt to this new environment, or they will go extinct. Either way, authors must rethink our roles in the new digital marketplace.
Should we bother to shed a tear for the passing of the dog-eared paperback and leather-bound tome? Printed books don’t possess some magical ability to educate and entertain. In fact, as a story-telling medium, books have a short history. We often forget, that for the majority of human existence, oral traditions passed on stories, myths, and ideas through the generations. Role playing and acting did the same. This Youtube “digital” tale provides a humorous look at the author’s angst over the passing of a beloved oratorical tradition:
Writing is about ideas, and authors should reimagine themselves as Idea Delivery Specialists, not as writers of the printed word. As the humorous story points out, there will always be an adjustment period when traditions change, but the advent of e-Books and tablets offers the opportunity to reinvigorate the transmission of ideas, our primary product. Authors as idea brokers, are back. We control the message and the medium.
If you are an established author, you will eventually have to embrace this new medium. Better now than later. And the first place to start will be on the Web. The “official” Author’s website is taking on greater significance. Unlike a paperback, when your writing is viewed on a tablet, smartphone, or e-reader, your website is only one click away. The message of your story can be easily enhanced with supplemental information that evolves digitally over time. Readers can be engaged in new and inventive ways. Videos, animations, and apps can enrich the reading experience for novels and nonfiction. This “synergy” has already been leveraged by television and movies, who are using the Web to build interest and loyalty in their brand.
To build brand loyalty with fans, authors need to reinvent their websites. It’s not enough anymore to have a “brochure site” or graphics heavy site driven by Adobe Flash. Your site must be interactive, and it must be viewable on today’s mobile devices. That means that your content must fit screens with small real estate and have readable font sizes. The new term for this type of functionality is Responsive Web Design. In other words, the content on the page is formatted in such a way that it can respond to the size of the display device and reorganize itself for maximum readability. Readers should be able to peruse your site without having to zoom into the content. Remember, in today’s mobile world, your site is only a click away from a valued reader, anywhere, night or day.
Thanks to advances in HTML and CSS, the requirements for a responsive web design have gotten a lot easier. Media queries in CSS allow websites to sense the size of the display device and offer up different formatting based on the best design principles. In fact, this website is based on responsive design.
A responsive web design automatically reformats the page layout to accommodate the size & orientation of the display device.
When redesigning my website to market my books, I wanted a design that imitated the traditional graphics heavy designs of other authors, but would do it in a responsive way. Luckily, the web design software I use, Drupal, makes that redesign far easier than in the past. There are complex issues, like how to display background images in different sizes based on the device. Graphics heavy sites can drag down the performance of smartphones with their limited bandwidth. But for the most part, these issues can be addressed. Try out this site on your smartphone or tablet and see how these issues were solved.
Responsive design, like the mobile marketplace it addresses, is improving at light speed. New functionality is being created weekly. If you want to maintain your readership in this new digital world, now is the time to move to the mobile web. The next generation of readers will expect nothing less.